Trace the impact that the Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, Mayflower Compact, and Thomas Paine’s Common Sense had on colonists’ views of government.
- Identify the important ideas contained in the Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, Mayflower Compact, and Common Sense. (these are highlighted in the intro video)
- Understand that some of the ideas in the Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, Mayflower Compact, and Common Sense were used to form the United States Government.
an official agreement made by two or more parties or people
a pamphlet published by Thomas Paine in 1776 to convince the American colonists to support becoming independent from England
English Bill of Rights
a government document that expanded the powers of the English Parliament (system of government) and expanded the rights of the people, as well as further limited the rights of the king; written by the members of the English Parliament in 1689
the idea that people have the right to fair and reasonable laws, and the government needs to treat all people in the same way
a government that has been limited in power by a constitution, or written agreement
a system of government in which the king or queen shares authority with an elected legislature and agrees to be bound (follow) by a constitution or a set of laws, also known as a constitutional monarchy
a government document that limited the power of the king of England and protected the rights of the nobility; written by the English nobles in 1215. King John of England signed this.
an agreement between individuals that created a self-government that would provide order and protect the rights of the colonists; written by a group of English Puritans in Massachusetts in 1620. They were trying to escape from England who didn’t want them to practice their own religion.
rule of law
a concept that those who rule are bound (follow) by the laws; no one is above the law including the president, congress and supreme court.
a government where the people create and run their own government
the colonial journalist who wrote Common Sense in 1776
Step 4.0 Students will evaluate the impact that the Magna Carta, Bill of Rights, Mayflower Compact, and Common Sense had on the purposes of government
Step 3.0 Students will identify the important ideas in the Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, Mayflower Compact, and Common Sense
Step 2.0 Students will explain the reasons for the Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, Mayflower Compact, and Common Sense
Step 1.0 Students will be able to define limited monarchy and selfgovernment.
In this block you will learn about the Magna Carta and how it influenced modern democracies. You must at the end of this block be able to identify the ideas (those highlighted in the intro video) that were taken directly from the Magna Carta and written into the laws of the United States.
Rule of law simply means that no one is above the law and every person has to follow the law. When we say everyone that literally means everyone, The President, Senators, Congressmen and Congresswoman, Police officers, teachers, students, everyone.
Bonus video if you want to learn the story of the Magna Carta
In your journal write down the ideas (highlighted in the intro video) that were taken directly from the Magna Carta and written into the laws of the United States.
In this block you will be learning all about the English Bill of rights.
The Right to a Fair and Speedy Trial
The right to a fair and speedy trial means that every person accused of a crime will get a chance to defend themselves in court. The “fair” part means that each person gets a jury to determine if they are innocent or guilty. The speedy part means the government has to proceed with the trial as quickly as possible.
No Cruel or Unusual Punishment
Cruel or unusual punishment means that the punishment has to fit the crime. Remember you don’t lose three fingers because you steal a candy bar. that would be cruel and unusual.
The Right to Petition the Government
In your journal write down the ideas that the Founding Fathers took from the English Bill of Rights.
In this block you will be learning about the Mayflower Compact. You will need to be able to identify why the Mayflower Compact is important to the history of the U.S.. In addition you will need to find out how the Mayflower compacts was unique to any other documents before it.
In your Journal please write down why the Mayflower Compact was so important and influential. In addition write in what makes the Mayflower Compact the first document of its kind.
In this block you will learn about the document written by Thomas Paine called Common Sense. You will need to be able to determine why Common Sense was important. You will need to be able to identify why Thomas Paine wrote the document.
In your journal write down the purpose for writing Paine writing Common Sense.
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