What you need to know:


SS.7.C.1.8 Explain the viewpoints of the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists regarding the ratification of the Constitution and inclusion of a bill of rights.

SS.7.C.1.9 Define the rule of law and recognize its influence on the development of the American legal, political, and governmental systems.

Vocabulary


Anti-Federalist Papers – a series of essays written to oppose and defeat the proposed U.S. Constitution

Anti-Federalists – a group of people in the early United States who opposed ratification of the U.S. Constitution because they feared a
strong national government and a lack of protection for individual rights

Articles of Confederation – the first constitution of the United States

Federalist Papers – a series of essays written to explain and defend the proposed U.S. Constitution

Federalists – a group of people in the early United States who favored the establishment of a strong national government and who
worked for ratification of the U.S. Constitution

necessary and proper clause – the power of Congress to make laws they view as necessary and proper to carry out their enumerated
powers; also known as the elastic clause

ratify – to confirm by expressing consent; formally approve

Block 1:


You need to remember the facts:

Federalists: 

  • Wanted a strong central government and weaker state governments
  • favored ratification of the Constitution
  • Dominated by big business interests

Anti-Federalist: 

  • Wanted Stronger state governments
  • Favored fixing the Articles of Confederation
  • Mostly farmers and smaller rural communities

In the end there was a compromise and the Constitution was ratified (pleasing the Federalists) with the Bill of Rights. (pleasing the Anti-Federalists)

Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists Weblink

Block 2:


You need to remember the facts:

Rule of Law: No body is above the law and everyone has to follow the law.

Rule of law is important because: It checks abuse of power by authorities. It empowers individuals with rights which cannot be easily taken-away. It treats everyone equally without discrimination.