What you need to know:

SS.7.C.2.4: You will have to recognize that the Bill of Rights comprises the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution.


amendment – a change to a constitution (e.g., U.S. Constitution, Florida Constitution)

Bill of Rights – the first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution

ratify – to confirm by expressing consent or approval

constitutionality – whether or not something is legal under the U.S. Constitution

cruel & unusual punishment – punishment prohibited by the Eighth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution; includes torture
or other forms of punishment too severe for the crime committed

double jeopardy – the prosecution of a defendant for a criminal offense for which he has already been tried; prohibited in
the Fifth Amendment to the U. S. Constitution

due process – the right of people accused of crimes to have laws that treat them fairly, so that they cannot lose their life or
freedom without having their legal rights protected

freedom of peaceable (peaceful) assembly – the right to hold meetings and form groups without interference by the
government; guaranteed in the First Amendment

freedom of press – the right of the press to write and print news and information free from government interference;
guaranteed in the First Amendment

freedom of religious exercise – the right for citizens to practice the religion of their choice without government
interference; guaranteed in the First Amendment

freedom of speech – the right for citizens to speak freely without government interference; guaranteed in the First

freedom to petition the government – the freedom for citizens to engage in any nonviolent, legal means of encouraging
or criticizing government action; guaranteed in the First Amendment

jury – a group of citizens sworn to give a true verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law

right to bear arms – the idea in the Second Amendment that people have an individual right to own and carry weapons

rights of the accused – the rights included in the Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Amendments: protection from unreasonable
search and seizure, double jeopardy, and self-incrimination, the right to due process, right to a speedy and public trial, trial
by jury, the right to be informed of criminal charges, right to confront witnesses in court, right to an attorney, protection from

search and seizure – the process by which police or other authorities who suspect that a crime has been committed do a
search of a person’s property and collect evidence related to the crime; protection from illegal search and seizure is in the
Fourth Amendment

self-incrimination – the right in the Fifth Amendment that protects a person from being forced to tell the police, prosecutor,
judge, or jury any information that might subject him or her to criminal prosecution

suffrage – the right to vote

trial by jury – a trial in which the issue is determined by a judge and a jury, usually with 12 members, whose job is to
determine facts and make a judgment of guilty or not guilty; protected in the Sixth Amendment

Block 1:

In this block you will need to remember the first ten amendments to the Constitution known as the Bill of Rights.

Bill of Rights Quizlet