SS.7.C.1.1

Recognize how Enlightenment ideas including Montesquieu’s view of separation of powers and John Locke’s theories related to natural law and how Locke’s social contract influenced the Founding Fathers.

When mastered you will be able to:

  • Identify and describe the Enlightenment ideas of separation of powers, natural law, and social contract.
  • Examine how Enlightenment ideas influenced the Founders’ beliefs about individual liberties and government.
  • Evaluate the influence of Montesquieu’s and Locke’s ideas on the Founding Fathers.

Questions to think about:

  • What role did the Enlightenment ideas contribute to major decisions of the Founding Fathers?
  • How would you compare and contrast the theories of Locke and Montesquieu?
  • How did Enlightenment ideas impact the Founding Fathers’ beliefs regarding individual liberties?

Terms you may not know:

checks and balances a principle of the federal government, according to the U.S. Constitution, that allows each branch of government to limit the power of the other branches

consent of the governed an agreement made by the people to establish a government and abide by its laws

Enlightenment a period in European history when many educated people stressed the importance of learning and reasoning; education was considered the key to understanding and solving society’s problems

individual liberty a person’s ability to be free and independent

influence having an effect or impact on the actions, behavior, opinions, etc., of another or others

natural law laws passed by government to protect natural rights

natural rights the belief that individuals are born with basic rights that cannot be taken away by governments; life, liberty, and property

separation of powers the structure of the federal government, according to the U.S. Constitution, that sets up three branches with their own distinct powers and responsibilities

social contract an implied agreement among the people of an organized society that defines the rights, duties, and limitations of the governed and the government

Learning Scale

4) I know how the philosophies of the enlightenment thinkers influenced the founding fathers

3) I know what philosophies are associated with which enlightenment thinker

2) I can Identify the the key people and understand the meanings of the key terms

1) I can Identify the the key people and understand the meanings of the key terms with help

SS.7.C.1.1 Intro

Block 1

At the end of this block you should be able to explain what the Enlightenment is.

Vocab Flashcards
The Enlightenment
Influences on American Government

Answer this question in your journal:

Why is the Enlightenment important to american history?

Block 2

At the the end of this block you should be able to describe why John Locke was so influential to the founding fathers.

John Locke

In your Journal:

Write down the ways in which John Locke in influenced the Founding Fathers.

Block 3

In this block your objective is to understand why Montesquieu’s ideas were important to the Founding Fathers.

Interactive Power Point
Montesquieu

In your Journal:

Write down the ways in which Montesquieu in influenced the Founding Fathers.

Test Your Knowledge:

Enlightenment Thinkers Matching Game
Quizlet #1
Quizlet #2